The Mystery Of Wine Making Isn’t So Mysterious
At Wine World, your Greater Buffalo Wine and Liquor Store, we know a lot about wine. It’s all in the grape and the wine making. It may appear to be something mysterious and but that’s why you can count on us – the experts!
Growing and Harvesting Is Just The First Steps
White wines are usually made from “white” grapes with a greenish-gold skin. Red wines and pink wines aka Rosé or Blush are from dark purple or blueish-black skinned grapes. During the growing season, the grapes’ natural flavors and sugars increase, or simply put, they ripen. The soil, climate, amount of water, sun, heat and minerals all effect the flavors and quality of the wine produced.
The grapes are picked at the optimal time and readiness. The longer the growing season, the deeper the flavors can develop. The perfect harvest time depends on ripeness but extreme heat, rain, or other extreme weather patterns at the time of harvest can greatly effect an otherwise good growing season.
Once the grapes are picked and inspected, the vinification process begins.
White Wines vs Red Wines, the Wine Making Process Is Different.
White Wines: The grapes are pressed to separate the juice from the skins, stems, and seeds BEFORE fermentation. The grape juice is placed into barrels or tanks with yeast. This is the fermentation process. The yeast converts natural sugars into alcohol. After a few days or more of fermentation, the juice will turn into wine.
Red Wines: Stems are usually removed as stems are believed to impart bitter flavors. Then the grapes are lightly crushed, just enough to break open the skins to allow the yeast to interact with the sweet grape juice. Juice, skins and seeds, go into a fermentation tank along with yeast. The yeast converts natural sugars into alcohol. The skins steep in the juice to color the wine red. After fermentation, the grapes are pressed to separate the skins and seeds from the new wine.
White and Red wines may be aged in oak barrels or stainless-steel tanks for a few weeks, months or longer. This allows the flavors to harmonize and mellow. Stainless steel is neutral and does not impart flavor. Oak, especially new oak, can impart smoke, spice, vanilla and other rich flavors.
It’s All In The Bottle
Finally, the wine is bottled. Hundreds of clanking bottles is a noisy process as bottles move down the conveyor belt to the individual stations of washing, filling, corking, labeling, capsuling, final inspection and packing.